It is sought to be demonstrated that viewed from the angle of the purposes which a modern labour law should serve, the current law of strikes in Zimbabwe is both misconceived and ridiculous. However, in some cases, though, these factors may be absent or of lesser importance and there may be circumstances where there is no reason to discriminate in favour of the woman: Malunga 1991 (1) ZLR 124 (H); Gwatidzo HH-271-90. In Allegrucci HB-37-02 X made a fraudulent claim against an insurance company, but when the fraud was discovered he admitted it, co-operated fully with the insurer, and made full restitution plus interest and paid certain other expenses. The study found that top management, and the Board were corrupt. In Nyajena 1991 (1) ZLR 175 (S) the court took into account that during the lengthy interval between the arraignment of the appellant and the conclusion of the appeal, the appellant had obtained an undergraduate degree and was in the process of obtaining a Master's degree and that appellant had since the noting of his appeal pestered the Clerk of Court about the preparation of his record. At this point it would be prudent to quote Chidyausiku’s predecessor, Justice Anthony Gubbay, from a lecture he delivered in 2009 in Britain titled The Progressive Erosion of the Rule of Law in Independent Zimbabwe, to make the whole point. The Rule of Law in Zimbabwe Robert Mugabe was elected into power in Zimbabwe in 1980, the year Zimbabwe was granted independence from Britain. This law firm is located in Harare, Zimbabwe we provide legal and advisory services to various individuals, families, small to medium enterprises, municipalities and public listed companies and other institutions. Currently the law reports of Zimbabwe end at the 2010 edition. Defamation: protecting reputation or suppressing media freedom? Their recommendations should not be disregarded without good cause. Zimbabwe … Education Imprisonment is a severe punishment which must only be imposed as a last resort Mpofu (2)1985 (1) ZLR 285 (H). 5 Hence the recent AU criticisms of the June 27th elections were welcomed by the international community. The failure by the Minister to lay before Parliament a statutory instrument setting out levels of fines has the effect of rendering any imposition of fines incompetent under the circumstances: Chandafira HH-137-02. The year is followed by the volume, which is merely the edition of the law reports. Community service is an available alternative to imprisonment. (See Appendix) See also Dullabh 1994 (2) ZLR 129 (H) and Zhou 1995 (1) ZLR 329 (H) for the offences for which community service is appropriate. This is due to the lack of finance on the part of the Legal Resources Foundation. Copyright 2011 International Bridges to Justice. Since its inception this Journal has had an Editorial Board consisting of editors from the Faculty of Law at the University of, Using religion to sexually exploit young female parishioners Case note on the Gumbura rape cases - By Geoff Feltoe, When Culture Clashes with the Criminal Law Case note on S v Hamunakwadi 2015 (1) ZLR 392 (H); S v Musino HH-158-17 and S v Taurayi HH-298-90 By Geoff Feltoe, Aligning the Administrative Justice Act with the Constitution, Final Papers of the 2016 National Symposium on the Promise of the Declaration of Rights under the Constitution of Zimbabwe, SELECTED ASPECTS OF THE 2013 ZIMBABWEAN CONSTITUTION AND THE DECLARATION OF RIGHTS, African Customary Law, Customs, and Women's Rights - Muna Ndulo, A GUIDE TO ADMINISTRATIVE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT LAW IN ZIMBABWE, Commentary on the Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act [Chapter 9:23]. He was charged together with … … Specific examples of international legislation in national law are given to illustrate the transformation of international law into national law. It is also vitally important that defence counsel asks to the court to take into account the particular circumstances of the accused in relation to times of availability especially if the accused is employed or is a student. INTRODUCTION The primary purposes of this Article are to provide a comprehen­ sive survey of Zimbabwe's domestic environmental laws, to analyze the fundamental provisions of such laws, and to examine the correspond­ This report finds that legal accountability and the rule of law in Zimbabwe have been seriously eroded under the ZANU-PF government through its interference in the criminal justice system. Defence counsel should familiarize themselves with the Community Service Guidelines. A court's written opinions are called case law, and they often interpret unclear state laws. In June 2019, the government banned all foreign currencies to bring the Zimbabwe Dollar back to life. The courts have observed that corporal punishment is a very severe form of punishment which should not be resorted to where other sentencing options are available: Tototai HH-5-02. Commercial Law, University of Zimbabwe. It was held that there is no rule which states that where the amount of money involved is large, X must necessarily get a custodial sentence. Case note on S v Semba HH-299-17, A ray of hope for the outlawing of corporal punishment in Zimbabwe: A review of recent developments, Doctors who cause the patient deaths Case note on S v McGown 1995 (1) ZLR 4 (H), Judicial appointment in Zimbabwe: defining the concept of “fit and proper person” research paper submitted to the Faculty of Law of the Midlands State University, Reporting a court case arising from false social media report Casenote on Mushunje v Zimbabwe Newspapers, Should provocation be a partial defence to intentional killing of an adulterous spouse? For example, during the 2005 Operation Murambatsvina, the AU rejected calls to put pressure on Zimbabwe to stop demolishing homes and markets. The Copyright and Neighbouring Rights Act[Chapter 26:05] (Copyright Act) defines the type of works that are eligible for copyright protection in Zimbabwe as well as the works that qualify for protection as performers’ rights, works of folklore and moral rights. Further, the plaintiff should not endeavor to enforce two inconsistent remedies. Case Law. Judicial officers are unfortunately behind in their treatment of young offenders and have not acclimatised to these alternative methods of treating youthful offenders. This is due to lack of finance on the part of the Legal Resources Foundation. The scope of this area of law clearly has no limit. For and behalf sic of TEXTBOOK SALES … Midlands State University Law Review Journal, University of Zimbabwe Student Law Review Journal, Case note on Zimbabwe Law Officers Association & Anor v National Prosecuting Authorities & Ors CCZ -1-19, Guilt by association: the over-extension of the doctrine of common purpose, Devolution demystified: Emerging debates and prospects for devolution in Zimbabwe A discussion paper, The State is not above the law: Enforcing a judgment against the State when it fails to comply with a judgement, The Role of the Criminal Law in the Protection of Women Against Gender-Based Violence: Case note on S v Jeri HH-516-17, Accessing information held by the State and State institutions Case note on Hitschmann v City of Mutare & Anor HH-211-16. law as established in previous court rulings; like common law Each case must be decided on its merits. 2 Law Enforcement. The FTC acts as both an investigator and an enforcer. The Guide to Law Online Zimbabwe contains a selection of Zimbabwean legal, judicial, and governmental sources accessible through the Internet | Links provide access to primary documents, legal commentary, and general government information about specific jurisdictions and topics. To streamline the law of strikes in Zimbabwe, it will be essential to provide a clear justification for the right to strike which can then constitute the basis of the law. 27. The claim settled for £8.75 million, paid by the project insurers. Zimbabwe is part of a family of nations that form the international community. In Munukwa HH-35-02 the court said that offenders in the age group of 18 to 21 years are young offenders who, depending on the offence of which they are convicted and the circumstances thereof, must generally be treated differently from adult offenders. The Customary Law and Local Court Act (7:05)4 states that, customary law applies in civil cases only and not criminal cases as provided by section 3 of the Act, so this shows that, customary law is still applying in Zimbabwe. Judicial precedent (aka: case law, or judge-made law) is based on the doctrine of stare decisive, and mostly associated with jurisdictions based on the English common law, but the concept has been adopted in part by Civil Law systems. I have taught this first-year (examples coming up soon) 3. Use CanLII references where possible because this source will be freely available to anyone. Home > Our Knowledge > Construction case law update - Top 5 construction cases of 2018 This two-part series explores the top construction court cases of 2018, providing an understanding of the key developments in construction law and adjudication practice and how these might affect your construction projects and disputes in 2019. Labour Studies Journal, 29 (4), pp. Business and Economics Journal, Volume 2011: BEJ-37. 65–86. Examples of case law are recorded in books called reporters. A case study approach was taken involving the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation, which is the sole broadcaster in the country. Harare, ILO Publications. This article seeks to examine strike law in Zimbabwe in the light of international labour standards and principles of labour law. This is a non-exhaustive list but a good example of how contract law not only creates the basis for the relationship between individuals, companies etc, but also regulates their rights and obligations and ultimately provides a solution in the event of a dispute. Attempts by accused to rehabilitate himself between trial and hearing of appeal, Attempts by accused to right the wrong done, https://defensewiki.ibj.org/index.php?title=Useful_cases_on_sentence_(Zimbabwe)&oldid=3856, Glossary of Legal Terms English French Spanish PDF. The following cases are useful for defence lawyers when arguing on the matter of sentence: A fine must be a real option and not be excessive: Kunesu & Ors 1993 (2) ZLR 253 (H). Fraud is established where it is proved that a false statement is made: (a) knowingly; or (b) without belief in its truth; or (c) recklessly, careless as to whether it be true or false. He was therefore charged with not only arson, but also with intent to endanger human life. Contract Law Cases - Examples Final Papers of the 2016 National Symposium on the Promise of the Declaration of Rights under the Constitution of Zimbabwe: MAGISTRATES’ HANDBOOK FOR CRIMINAL CASES. behaviour on the performance of state corporations in Zimbabwe. It collects complaints from the public, conducts follow-up investigations and, if necessary, files a lawsuit against the offending entity. Gubbay addressed the gradual erosion of the rule of law under the Mugabe regime. The struggle for democracy and the rule of law in Zimbabwe. A fire broke out at the school, caused by Cambridge, for which Haberdashers sought damages from Lakehouse. In the new millenium, sadly, Zimbabwe is a global pariah because our government is alleged to have trashed the rule of law and the Constitution on which is based its authority to govern. The court should consider suspending portion of prison sentence imposed on first offender, although there is no rule that must suspend portion: Manaiwa & Anor HB-72-90; Mazowe HB-36-91; Gumba S-50-91. Restrictive Business Practices the United Nations Set of Principles and Rules on. This page was last edited on 28 June 2010, at 22:31. Young offenders should be kept out of prison wherever possible: Marachera A-151-68; Mantwana S-20-82; Mayberry HH-248-86; Ncube HB-153-86; Mudekwe & Anor HH-7-86; Munyariwa HB-14-87; Chadyamunda HH-228-89; Chitanda HH-215-89; Kanoyerera HH-167-89; Van Jaarsveld HB-110-90; Shariwa HB-37-03. Female first offenders are generally treated more leniently than males, for three reasons: Harvey 1967 RLR 203 (A); Malunga 1990 (1) ZLR 124 (H). The number of hours should be reduced from what it might otherwise have been. For example, Zimbabwe Law Reports 2002 Part (1). States can use various sources of international law. The following cases are useful for defence lawyers when arguing on the matter of sentence: Contents. Laws establish the rules and conventi­ ons, which reflect the different societal or class interests. Lakehouse then sought a contribution or indemnity from Cambridge to recover up to … It is particularly brutal and barbaric where the child is too immature to understand it, F (a juvenile)1988 (1) ZLR 327 (H). business law cases in zimbabwe Special provisions relating to insurance business. children by law. Restrictive Business Practices the United Nations Set of Principles and Rules on. The Zimbabwe Republic Police (ZRP) arrested and formally charged the Deputy Minister of Information and Publicity, Minister Bright Matonga for alleged corruption. In Gumede HB-40-03 the court stated that to impose a fine, alternatively imprisonment, when it is clear that accused is not in a position to pay a fine and will end up serving the prison sentence is wrong. These past decisions are called "case law", or precedent. Case note on the case of S v Ranchi HH 515-17, The Zimbabwe Electronic Law Journal Now a Refereed Journal and the Editors invite you to contribute articles for future volumes. Faculty of Law, University of Zimbabwe. The Zimbabwean law unlike the English law allows or permits the plaintiff to choose his remedies provided he does not want to just enrich himself. For example, in the case of R v Caldwell [1982], the defendant got sacked from a hotel that he worked at; and one night got drunk and set fire to the hotel, with the intention to cause damage to the property. … The conciliation step of the unfair dismissal process in South Australia. However, in Malunga 1990 (1) ZLR 124 (H) the court reiterated that a sharp distinction should be made between male and female offenders is still apposite and that the tendency in certain subsequent cases to innovate by adopting a more uniform approach between the sexes is premature. In Shariwa HB-37-03 the judge said that first offenders, especially young ones, should as far as possible be kept out of prison. In Zimbabwe, the main remedies available for a breach or threatened breach are; specific performance, cancellation, interdict and damages. The Copyright Act makes a distinction between the c… Counsel must be alive to the information which must be available before court may consider imposing community service: Chiweshe 1996 (1) ZLR 425 (H). The maximum number of cuts should be reserved for serious manifestations of juvenile criminal delinquency, Butau 1994 (1) ZLR 240 (H). Political Context of the Zimbabwe Competition Law. Political Context of the Zimbabwe Competition Law. Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum Special Report Enforcing the Rule of Law in Zimbabwe 3 CHAPTER 1 WHAT IS ‘THE RULE OF LAW’? On whether a direct sentence of community service may be suspended see Maramba & Anor 2000 (2) ZLR 69 (H). The Zimbabwe Electronic Law Journal. Courts of law, as part of the three pillars of the State, are also constitutionally obliged to take into account international law and all Treaties and conventions to which Zimbabwe is a party. The Zimbabwe Electronic Law Journal. Case note on Zimbabwe Law Officers Association & Anor v National Prosecuting Authorities & Ors CCZ -1-19; Guilt by association: the over-extension of the doctrine of common purpose; Devolution demystified: Emerging debates and prospects for devolution in Zimbabwe A discussion paper; The State is not above the law: Enforcing a judgment against the State … For cases from the United States, use the abbreviations Lexis and WL. The deputy minister allegedly solicited bribes while he was the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of a state-owned bus company, ZUPCO. Currently the law reports of Zimbabwe end at the 2010 edition. It will be shown that the justifications for Zimbabwe's strike law are unclear and hence the ridiculous nature of the current law. Case note on Zimbabwe Law Officers Association & Anor v National Prosecuting Authorities & Ors CCZ -1-19; Guilt by association: the over-extension of the doctrine of common purpose; Devolution demystified: Emerging debates and prospects for devolution in Zimbabwe A discussion paper; The State is not above the law: Enforcing a judgment against the State … On whether further suspended term of imprisonment may be imposed in addition see Mhlanga & Anor 2000 (2) ZLR 73 (H). Case note on Zimbabwe Law Officers Association & Anor v National Prosecuting Authorities & Ors CCZ -1-19 Guilt by association: the over-extension of the doctrine of common purpose Devolution demystified: Emerging debates and prospects for devolution in Zimbabwe A discussion paper Zimbabwe is party to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) which bans trade in ivory. We must forge ahead with meeting the aspirations of Agenda 2063.. Non-intervention in Zimbabwe has been the usual AU response to atrocities committed there. In Sithole & Anor HH-101-03 it was observed that where a person is in employment or is a full-time student, a court imposing a community service order must allow community service to be carried out over week-ends or after working hours, by arrangement with the institution concerned. For example, Zimbabwe Law Reports 2002 Part (1). Laws are created and used by the state apparatus (including the judiciary and administration) to legitimate state power. Issue Paper No. Examples of case law include all cases courts have previously ruled on that have to do with a particular legal topic, says NOLO. Where the hours fixed by the court become inconvenient either to the institution or to the accused, then the court must be approached to vary the conditions imposed in the order. Working conditions and labour relations in the private security industry in Zimbabwe: A research paper. 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