Upon hearing that the woman had been interviewed, Hopkins wrote a letter[54][56] to a contact asking whether he would be given a "good welcome". The passion they shared resulted in pregnancy and eventually marriage. [39], According to his book The Discovery of Witches,[24] Hopkins began his career as a witch-finder after he overheard women discussing their meetings with the Devil in March 1644 in Manningtree. [4][5][6] He is believed to have been responsible for the executions of over 100 alleged witches between the years 1644 and 1646. Carlos Sia, 62 Mr Sia worked at Worcestershire Royal Hospital, as did his wife Cindy and daughter, Clair. Your first assessment in this topic will focus on whether or not Matthew Hopkins deserved to die. For other uses, see, At this time the New Year did not occur until 25, The Discovery of Witches – In Answer to Several Queries, Lately Delivered to the Judges of Assize for the County of Norfolk; London; 1647, Jewett, Clarence F. The memorial history of Boston: including Suffolk County, Massachusetts. Sir Philip Anthony Hopkins CBE (born 31 December 1937) is a Welsh actor, composer, director and film producer. Execution for the very crime he had persecuted so many others for may have been a fitting end for Matthew Hopkins. Many of his methods of inquisition were not far removed from actual torture. Gaule hearing of this letter wrote his publication Select Cases of Conscience touching Witches and Witchcrafts; London, (1646)[57] – dedicated to Colonel Walton of the House of Commons[54] – and began a programme of Sunday sermons to suppress witch-hunting. Matthew Hopkins died on August 11th 1647 from suspected Tuberculosis. But by 1647 it was all over and Hopkins was dead, aged just 27. Known that Matthew Hopkins died at his home in Manningtree, Essex, on August 12, 1647, caused of tuberculosis. It has long been propounded that Hopkins was himself accused of being a witch, subjected to his own test of being bound and thrown into water and hanged after he was found to float. [54][55] Gaule had attended a woman from St Neots who was held in gaol charged with witchcraft until such time as Hopkins could attend. PCh I Glim $2,500.00 Gwy no17028 AnaRosenbohm; PCh … [18][19] His father was popular with his parishioners, one of whom in 1619 left money to purchase Bibles for his then three children James, John and Thomas. There is reason to believe that this was the noted Matthew Hopkins, Witch Finder General to the associated counties, who had frequently been mentioned by various writers. Adam said there is a legend that he was killed by his own methods by angry townsfolk who turned against him, but it … His family was reportedly well off and respected by citizens. Assistant Master and Professor of History, Selwyn College, University of Cambridge. [30] The work of Hopkins and John Stearne was not necessarily to prove any of the accused had committed acts of maleficium, but to prove that they had made a covenant with the Devil. 1630–1880. With the English Civil War under way, this trial was conducted not by justices of assize, but by justices of the peace presided over by the Earl of Warwick. Top Answer. It is likely that Hopkins and his colleague, John Stearne, were responsible for most of these. Emboldened by his success, Hopkins hired four assistants and began hunting for witches all over Suffolk, Essex, and East Anglia. The other three members of her family died during the terrible first winter of the Plymouth Colony. In fact, Hopkins died after an illness, likely tuberculosis . He pricked any skin deformity on the accused that was thought to be an extra pap for suckling imps; such parts, if insensible, were believed to prove that the accused was a witch. In the 14 months of their crusade Hopkins and Stearne sent to the gallows more accused people than all the other witch-hunters in England of the previous 160 years. [46] Parliament was well aware of Hopkins and his team's activities, as shown by the concerned reports of the Bury St Edmunds witch trials of 1645. “Matthew Hopkins, son of Mr James Hopkins, Minister of Wenham, was buried at Mistley, August 12 th, 1647. [48] Although torture was nominally unlawful in England, Hopkins often used techniques such as sleep deprivation to extract confessions from his victims. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Hopkins was warned against the use of "swimming" without receiving the victim's permission first. The locals promptly hung Hopkins on the spot-which explains why there are no records of a trial. [44][60][61], Hopkins' witch-hunting methods were outlined in his book The Discovery of Witches, which was published in 1647. A legend that he was swum and hanged as a witch himself was false, even if it would have been a fitting end. Occasionally, long after Matthew Hopkins and others of his appalling ilk had become nightmare folk-memories, awful things happened. Matthew Hopkins (c. 1620 – 12 August 1647) was an English witch-hunter whose career flourished during the English Civil War. He fell by accident, in his native county of Suffolk, into contact with one or two reputed witches, and, being a man of an observing turn and an ingenious … Superstition, it is clear, takes a long time to die. Matthew Hopkins died at his home in Manningtree on the 12th August 1647 of pleural tuberculosis and was buried in the graveyard of the Church of St Mary at Mistley Heath. Corrections? Probably in 1623 she and John were married. [52][53] It was believed that the witch's familiar, an animal such as a cat or dog, would drink the witch's blood from the mark, as a baby drinks milk from the nipple. [34], The witch-hunts undertaken by Stearne and Hopkins mainly took place in East Anglia, in the counties of Suffolk, Essex, Norfolk, Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire, with a few in the counties of Northamptonshire and Bedfordshire. [68] In the words of historian Malcolm Gaskill, Matthew Hopkins "lives on as an anti-hero and bogeyman – utterly ethereal, endlessly malleable". Millions had died in Europe. Methods of investigating witchcraft heavily drew inspiration from the Daemonologie of King James, which was directly cited in Hopkins' The Discovery of Witches. [11], Little is known of Matthew Hopkins before 1644, and there are no surviving contemporary documents concerning him or his family. Facts about Matthew Hopkins The facts about Matthew Hopkins have decribed above, do not you enjoy reading these amazing facts? [59] Hopkins was asked if methods of investigation did not make the finders themselves witches, and if with all his knowledge did he not also have a secret,[44][60] or had used "unlawful courses of torture". While they were all convicted and hanged almost immediately, the trial did cast down on the validity of Matthew Hopkins the Witchfinder General. Matthew Blaisdel was a modern-day cowboy, ruggedly handsome, sincere, and polite. [47] After the trial and execution the Moderate Intelligencer, a parliamentary paper published during the English Civil War, in an editorial of 4–11 September 1645 expressed unease with the affairs in Bury. Elizabeth Clarke (c. 1565–1645), alias Bedinfield, was the first woman persecuted by the Witchfinder General, Matthew Hopkins in 1645 in Essex, England.At 80 years old, she was accused of witchcraft by local tailor John Rivet. Matthew Hopkins died at his home in Manningtree, Essex, on 12 August 1647, probably of pleural tuberculosis. He was buried in the graveyard of the church of St Mary at Mistley heath. Hopkins and his company ran into opposition very soon after the start of their work,[40] but one of his main antagonists was John Gaule, vicar of Great Staughton in Huntingdonshire. "Nothing can place the credulity of the English nation on the subject of witchcraft in a more striking point of view, than the history of Matthew Hopkins, who, in a pamphlet published in 1647 in his own vindication, assumes to himself the surname of the Witchfinder. Few legal wins so far as Trump team hunts for proof of fraud 1881 Pgs. How old was Matthew Hopkins when he died? Answer for question: Your name: Answers. It was directed by Michael Reeves who died … [1], Hopkins' witch-finding career began in March 1644[a] and lasted until his retirement in 1647. He was buried in the village churchyard of Mistley Heath in which is now an unmarked grave. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [15][17] The family at one point held title "to lands and tenements in Framlingham 'at the castle'". They lived in Plymouth until about 1631, when they…. [citation needed] Therefore, presuming the number executed as a result of investigations by Hopkins and his colleague John Stearne is at the lower end of the estimates,[8][9][10] their efforts accounted for about 20% of the total. As described in the journal of Governor John Winthrop, the evidence assembled against Margaret Jones was gathered by the use of Hopkins' techniques of "searching" and "watching".[62]. [32], Witches then became heretics to Christianity, which became the greatest of their crimes and sins. Photo by Wellcome images CC BY 4.0 Not surprisingly, most were con artists who used sleight of hand to expose witchery. Together with their female assistants, they were well paid for their work, and it has been suggested that this was a motivation for his actions. [15], "Witchfinder General" redirects here. What is the code for turtle knock on literacy planet; WIN #9 $10,000.00 ON THE GREAT 8 OUTDOOR EVENT; WIN #8 $10,000.00 OIN THE GREAT 8 OUTDOOR EVENT #16595; A backpack weighed 28 pounds. [41], Hopkins and Stearne, accompanied by the women who performed the pricking, were soon travelling over eastern England, claiming to be officially commissioned by Parliament to uncover and prosecute witches. Matthew Hopkins died at his home in Manningtree, Essex, on 12 August 1647, probably of pleural tuberculosis. [27] From the way that he presented evidence in trials, Hopkins is commonly thought to have been trained as a lawyer, but there is scant evidence to suggest this was the case. However, in others, he floated. This was a mark that all witches or sorcerers were thought to possess that was said to be dead to all feeling and would not bleed – although it was sometimes a mole, birthmark or an extra nipple or breast. [23] Hopkins states in his book The Discovery of Witches (1647)[24] that he "never travelled far ... to gain his experience". These trials resulted in 19 executions for witchcraft,[65][66] one man, Giles Corey, pressed to death for refusing to plead,[67] and 150 imprisonments. According to some versions, Hopkins sank and drowned. How the infamous, self-styled "Witch-finder General" – Matthew Hopkins took to his notorious business throughout East Anglia in the 1640's. recent questions recent answers. These practices were recommended in law books. Jones' execution was the first in a witch-hunt that lasted in New England from 1648 until 1663. [20] Although James Hopkins had died in 1634,[14] when the iconoclast William Dowsing, commissioned in 1643 by the Parliamentarian Earl of Manchester[21] "for the destruction of monuments of idolatry and superstition", visited the parish in 1645 he noted that "there was nothing to reform". In the words of historian Malcolm Gaskill, Matthew Hopkins "lives on as an anti-hero and bogeyman – utterly ethereal, endlessly malleable". Matthew Hopkins (1620–1647) began his witch-finding career began in 1645 with assistant John Sterne, claiming to have the backing of Parliament (which he did not) and is believed to have been responsible for the deaths of 300 women over the course of two years. In 1620, Matthew Hopkins, the son of a local minister, was born at Great Wenham, Suffolk. [42] Hopkins states[24] that "his fees were to maintain his company with three horses",[43][44] and that he took "twenty shillings a town". Born in 1864 and died in 1929 Chicopee, Massachusetts Matthew A Hopkins Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He was buried a few hours after his death in the graveyard of the Church of St Mary at Mistley Heath. He is the recipient of multiple accolades, including an Academy Award, three BAFTAs, two Emmys and the Cecil B. DeMille Award.In 1993, he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for services to the arts. He thereupon became a “Witch Finder Generall,” going about Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk, and Huntingdon getting villagers and townspeople to hire him and his two assistants (for a fee) to search out witches, force their confessions, and have them hanged by the authorities. [50] This led to the legal abandonment of the test by the end of 1645.[50]. Asked by Wiki User. Between 1644 and 1647 the hapless victims (including a few Anglican clergymen) numbered perhaps 230 or more. [25], In the early 1640s, Hopkins moved to Manningtree, Essex, a town on the River Stour, about 10 miles (16 km) from Wenham. [51] If the suspected witch had no such visible marks invisible ones could be discovered by pricking, therefore "witch prickers" were employed, who pricked the accused with knives and special needles looking for such marks, normally after the suspect had been shaved of all body hair. He died on the 27th August, 1647, in his home in manningtree, Essex to Tuberculosis, aged at most 27 years old. Lesson Four: Assessment – Did Matthew Hopkins deserve to die? His activities mainly took place in East Anglia. Matthew Hopkins, (born, Wenham, Suffolk, Eng.—died Aug. 12, 1647), English witch-hunter during a witchcraft craze of the English Civil Wars. [71], What historian James Sharpe has characterised as a "pleasing legend" grew up around the circumstances of Hopkins' death, according to which he was subjected to his own swimming test and executed as a witch, but the parish registry at Mistley confirms his burial there. Hopkins, too, was fading – he died a young man in 1647, most probably from tuberculosis. As late as 1895 a husband burnt his wife to death for being a witch. Another method was to force the accused to walk about all night, for only when at rest could a witch summon his or her familiars, who would terrify the accusers away. 133–137. At 19, he drove to school from a ranch in a pickup truck, and met 16-year-old Claudia Barrows. He was buried a few hours after his death in the graveyard of the Church of St Mary at Mistley Heath. Hopkins even wrote a short pamphlet detailing his witch-hunting methods: ‘The Discovery of Witches’, which was published in 1647. Hopkins is said to have been in it for the money alone, whereas his colleague John Stearne was at least motivated by genuine religious fervour. Little is known of Hopkins before 1644, but apparently he had been a lawyer, practicing in Essex. [63] About eighty people throughout New England were accused of practising witchcraft during that period, of whom fifteen women and two men were executed. Matthew Hopkins died in 1647. [12] He was born in Great Wenham, Suffolk[13][14][15] and was the fourth son[13] of six children. Another of his methods was the swimming test, based on the idea that as witches had renounced their baptism, water would reject them. Tweet. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. His own end however, is far from clear; some accounts say he drowned undergoing his own “swimming trial” after being accused of witchcraft himself. In the words of historian Malcolm Gaskill, Matthew Hopkins "lives on as an anti-hero and bogeyman – utterly ethereal, endlessly malleable". [22] Hopkins' brother John became Minister of South Fambridge in 1645 but was removed from the post one year later for neglecting his work. In fact, Hopkins died after an illness, likely tuberculosis. Their daughter Lindsay was born in 1968. How did Matthew Hopkins die? During this period, excepting Middlesex and chartered towns, no records show any person charged of witchcraft being sentenced to death other than by the judges of the assizes. How did Matthew Hopkins die? A further test was to fling the accused bound into water, because a witch, having denied his or her baptism, would in turn be repelled by the water so that he or she would float and not sink into it. This was 1967 when the film Witchfinder General about the evil Matthew Hopkins was being made and it was released in the spring and summer of the following year. Hopkins and John Stearne took on the role of investigators, stating that they had seen familiars while watching her. He was her knight in shinning armor, her "Lancelot". Suspects were tied to a chair and thrown into water: all those who "swam" (floated) were considered to be witches. He claimed to hold the office of Witchfinder General, although that title was never bestowed by Parliament. [14], Thus Matthew Hopkins could not have been born before 1619, and could not have been older than 28 when he died, but he may have been as young as 25. The cost to the local community of Hopkins and his company were such that, in 1645, a special local tax rate had to be levied in Ipswich. He died on May 15 after spending many weeks in hospital fighting Covid-19. He was buried a few hours after his death in the graveyard of the Church of St Mary at Mistley Heath. [60] By the time this court session resumed in 1647 Stearne and Hopkins had retired, Hopkins to Manningtree and Stearne to Bury St Edmunds. Hopkins was born around 1620 near a small village in Essex, England. "Select Cases of Conscience Touching Witches and Witchcraft", Death Warrant for Sarah Good, Rebecca Nurse, Susannah Martin, Elizabeth How & Sarah Wilds, "The History of Witchcraft and Demonology", Animated/Audio Story of Hopkins and his demise, Diary of Witchfinder General trials published online, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Matthew_Hopkins&oldid=1002322181, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 January 2021, at 21:53. The early life of Matthew Hopkins is almost a complete mystery up until his witch hunting began. While legend says he was tried as a witch using his own methods and executed, the mundane reality appears to be that tuberculosis carried him off. In August of 1647, at the age of just 26 or 27, Matthew Hopkins keeled over in Manningtree and died. In March 1644 he alleged his first discovery of witches—six of them, in Manningtree, who he claimed tried to kill him. When asked this type of question it is important for historians to be able to give both sides of the argument in order to present a fair answer. [69] According to historian Rossell Hope Robbins,[70] Hopkins "acquired an evil reputation which in later days made his name synonymous with fingerman or informer paid by authorities to commit perjury". According to historian Rossell Hope Robbins, Hopkins "acquired an evil reputation which in later days made his name synonymous with fingerman or informerp… Answer this question. Twenty-three women were accused of witchcraft and were tried at Chelmsford in 1645. Consultant editor for the. [7], It has been estimated that all of the English witch trials between the early 15th and late 18th centuries resulted in fewer than 500 executions for witchcraft. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. It also starred Ian Ogilvy, Hilary Dwyer and Rupert Davies.